Alan Penny, Ph.D., is Vice President of METI International and an Honorary Reader (Associate Professor) in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of St. Andrews. He is Coordinator of the UK SETI Research Network. He has taught a SETI graduate course at the University, and has published a number of SETI articles. In 2004-2006 he was a scientist at the SETI Institute. Before 2004 Dr. Penny worked at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, including work on the ESA Darwin telescope study for a telescope to look for the atmospheric oxygen signal of life on nearby Earth-like planets. He has also been a co-author on a number of exoplanet discovery papers. Before his research on exoplanets and life, he worked on the age of the Universe.